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Ramp Regulations

Ramp Regulations


A ramp, slope, or incline is defined as an angle that is over 10%, or about one foot rise for every foot of ramp. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has several rules regarding ramp standards. These rules are critical, as falling from ramps/platforms cause the majority of job site accidents.

Here is a summary of the guidelines for buildings under construction, during excavation, and general requirements:

  1. In buildings under construction, ramps must be well lit while the construction is occurring.
  2. At excavation sites where there is digging to depths of four feet or more, ramps must remain in place until the work is completed. The ramps must be made of slip-resistant material and extend from the surface to the bottom of the excavation site.
  3. If the ramp consists of more than one piece, the pieces must be connected to each other to prevent displacement and be identical in thickness.
  4. Ramps and walkways that are more than five feet above lower levels shall have compliant guardrail systems.
  5. Ramps cannot incline more than 1 vertical to 3 horizontal (20 degrees above the horizontal).


There are also several guidelines for workers in order to prevent workplace injuries in construction areas:

  1. Always look in the direction of travel.
  2. Never turn on ramps. Turn before the ramp to place forks in proper direction.
  3. Maintain a safe distance from the edges of a ramp.
  4. When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel.
  5. A spotter should be used whenever a load blocks the driver’s view.


It is very easy to get injured in construction sites, whether you are working in them or around them. Hopefully these rules will help create a safer environment with your yard ramp!

For a more in-depth set of rules, click here.